Enabling Conversational Interaction with Mobile UI using Large Language Models

Bryan Wang, Gang Li, Yang Li

Conversational agents show the promise to allow users to interact with mobile devices using language. However, to perform diverse UI tasks with natural language, developers typically need to create separate datasets and models for each specific task, which is expensive and effort-consuming. Recently, pre-trained large language models (LLMs) have been shown capable of generalizing to various downstream tasks when prompted with a handful of examples from the target task. This paper investigates the feasibility of enabling versatile conversational interactions with mobile UIs using a single LLM. We propose a design space to categorize conversations between the user and the agent when collaboratively accomplishing mobile tasks. We design prompting techniques to adapt an LLM to conversational tasks on mobile UIs. The experiments show that our approach enables various conversational interactions with decent performances, manifesting its feasibility. We discuss the use cases of our work and its implications for language-based mobile interaction.

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