NeRF-SOS: Any-View Self-supervised Object Segmentation from Complex Real-World Scenes

Zhiwen Fan, Peihao Wang, Xinyu Gong, Yifan Jiang, Dejia Xu, Zhangyang Wang

Neural volumetric representations have shown the potential that MLP networks can be trained with multi-view calibrated images to represent scene geometry and appearance, without explicit 3D supervision. Object segmentation can enrich many downstream applications based on the learned radiance field. However, introducing hand-crafted segmentation to define regions of interest in a complex real-world scene are non-trivial and expensive as it acquires per view annotation. This paper carries out the exploration of self-supervised learning for object segmentation using NeRF for complex real-world scenes. Our framework, NeRF-SOS, couples object segmentation and neural radiance field to segment objects in any view within a scene. By proposing a novel collaborative contrastive loss in both appearance and geometry levels, NeRF-SOS encourages NeRF models to distill compact geometry-aware segmentation clusters from their density fields and the self-supervised pre-trained 2D visual features. The self-supervised object segmentation framework can be applied to various NeRF models that both lead to photo-realistic rendering results and convincing segmentations for both indoor and outdoor scenarios. Extensive results on the LLFF, Tank and Temple datasets validate the effectiveness of NeRF-SOS. It consistently surpasses other image-based self-supervised baselines and even captures finer details than supervised Semantic-NeRF.

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