Deterministic-Statistical Approach for an Inverse Acoustic Source Problem using Multiple Frequency Limited Aperture Data

Yanfang Liu, Zhizhang Wu, Jiguang Sun, Zhiwen Zhang

We propose a deterministic-statistical method for an inverse source problem using multiple frequency limited aperture far field data. The direct sampling method is used to obtain a disc such that it contains the compact support of the source. The Dirichlet eigenfunctions of the disc are used to expand the source function. Then the inverse problem is recast as a statistical inference problem for the expansion coefficients and the Bayesian inversion is employed to reconstruct the coefficients. The stability of the statistical inverse problem with respect to the measured data is justified in the sense of Hellinger distance. A preconditioned Crank-Nicolson (pCN) Metropolis-Hastings (MH) algorithm is implemented to explore the posterior density function of the unknowns. Numerical examples show that the proposed method is effective for both smooth and non-smooth sources given limited-aperture data.

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