Massive MIMO Multicasting in Noncooperative Cellular Networks

Zhengzheng Xiang, Meixia Tao, Xiaodong Wang

We study the massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) multicast transmission in cellular networks where each base station (BS) is equipped with a large-scale antenna array and transmits a common message using a single beamformer to multiple mobile users. We first show that when each BS knows the perfect channel state information (CSI) of its own served users, the asymptotically optimal beamformer at each BS is a linear combination of the channel vectors of its multicast users. Moreover, the optimal combining coefficients are obtained in closed form. Then we consider the imperfect CSI scenario where the CSI is obtained through uplink channel estimation in timedivision duplex systems. We propose a new pilot scheme that estimates the composite channel which is a linear combination of the individual channels of multicast users in each cell. This scheme is able to completely eliminate pilot contamination. The pilot power control for optimizing the multicast beamformer at each BS is also derived. Numerical results show that the asymptotic performance of the proposed scheme is close to the ideal case with perfect CSI. Simulation also verifies the effectiveness of the proposed scheme with finite number of antennas at each BS.

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