Max-Min Distance Nonnegative Matrix Factorization

Jim Jing-Yan Wang

Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) has been a popular representation method for pattern classification problem. It tries to decompose a nonnegative matrix of data samples as the product of a nonnegative basic matrix and a nonnegative coefficient matrix, and the coefficient matrix is used as the new representation. However, traditional NMF methods ignore the class labels of the data samples. In this paper, we proposed a supervised novel NMF algorithm to improve the discriminative ability of the new representation. Using the class labels, we separate all the data sample pairs into within-class pairs and between-class pairs. To improve the discriminate ability of the new NMF representations, we hope that the maximum distance of the within-class pairs in the new NMF space could be minimized, while the minimum distance of the between-class pairs pairs could be maximized. With this criterion, we construct an objective function and optimize it with regard to basic and coefficient matrices and slack variables alternatively, resulting in a iterative algorithm.

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