A New Modular Division Algorithm and Applications

Sidi Mohamed Sedjelmaci, Christian Lavault

The present paper proposes a new parallel algorithm for the modular division $u/v\bmod \beta^s$, where $u,\; v,\; \beta$ and $s$ are positive integers $(\beta\ge 2)$. The algorithm combines the classical add-and-shift multiplication scheme with a new propagation carry technique. This "Pen and Paper Inverse" ({\em PPI}) algorithm, is better suited for systolic parallelization in a "least-significant digit first" pipelined manner. Although it is equivalent to Jebelean's modular division algorithm~\cite{jeb2} in terms of performance (time complexity, work, efficiency), the linear parallelization of the {\em PPI} algorithm improves on the latter when the input size is large. The parallelized versions of the {\em PPI} algorithm leads to various applications, such as the exact division and the digit modulus operation (dmod) of two long integers. It is also applied to the determination of the periods of rational numbers as well as their $p$-adic expansion in any radix $\beta \ge 2$.

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