Bar 1-Visibility Graphs and their relation to other Nearly Planar Graphs

William Evans, Michael Kaufmann, William Lenhart, Giuseppe Liotta, Tamara Mchedlidze, Stephen Wismath

A graph is called a strong (resp. weak) bar 1-visibility graph if its vertices can be represented as horizontal segments (bars) in the plane so that its edges are all (resp. a subset of) the pairs of vertices whose bars have a $\epsilon$-thick vertical line connecting them that intersects at most one other bar. We explore the relation among weak (resp. strong) bar 1-visibility graphs and other nearly planar graph classes. In particular, we study their relation to 1-planar graphs, which have a drawing with at most one crossing per edge; quasi-planar graphs, which have a drawing with no three mutually crossing edges; the squares of planar 1-flow networks, which are upward digraphs with in- or out-degree at most one. Our main results are that 1-planar graphs and the (undirected) squares of planar 1-flow networks are weak bar 1-visibility graphs and that these are quasi-planar graphs.

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