#### Universal Polar Codes for More Capable and Less Noisy Channels and Sources

##### David Sutter, Joseph M. Renes

We prove two results on the universality of polar codes for source coding and channel communication. First, we show that for any polar code built for a source $P_{X,Z}$ there exists a slightly modified polar code - having the same rate, the same encoding and decoding complexity and the same error rate - that is universal for every source $P_{X,Y}$ when using successive cancellation decoding, at least when the channel $P_{Y|X}$ is more capable than $P_{Z|X}$ and $P_X$ is such that it maximizes $I(X;Y) - I(X;Z)$ for the given channels $P_{Y|X}$ and $P_{Z|X}$. This result extends to channel coding for discrete memoryless channels. Second, we prove that polar codes using successive cancellation decoding are universal for less noisy discrete memoryless channels.

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