Opportunistic Downlink Interference Alignment

Hyun Jong Yang, Won-Yong Shin, Bang Chul Jung, Changho Suh, Arogyaswami Paulraj

In this paper, we propose an opportunistic downlink interference alignment (ODIA) for interference-limited cellular downlink, which intelligently combines user scheduling and downlink IA techniques. The proposed ODIA not only efficiently reduces the effect of inter-cell interference from other-cell base stations (BSs) but also eliminates intra-cell interference among spatial streams in the same cell. We show that the minimum number of users required to achieve a target degrees-of-freedom (DoF) can be fundamentally reduced, i.e., the fundamental user scaling law can be improved by using the ODIA, compared with the existing downlink IA schemes. In addition, we adopt a limited feedback strategy in the ODIA framework, and then analyze the required number of feedback bits leading to the same performance as that of the ODIA assuming perfect feedback. We also modify the original ODIA in order to further improve sum-rate, which achieves the optimal multiuser diversity gain, i.e., $\log \log N$, per spatial stream even in the presence of downlink inter-cell interference, where $N$ denotes the number of users in a cell. Simulation results show that the ODIA significantly outperforms existing interference management techniques in terms of sum-rate in realistic cellular environments. Note that the ODIA operates in a distributed and decoupled manner, while requiring no information exchange among BSs and no iterative beamformer optimization between BSs and users, thus leading to an easier implementation.

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