Sparse Recovery with Very Sparse Compressed Counting

Ping Li, Cun-Hui Zhang, Tong Zhang

Compressed sensing (sparse signal recovery) often encounters nonnegative data (e.g., images). Recently we developed the methodology of using (dense) Compressed Counting for recovering nonnegative K-sparse signals. In this paper, we adopt very sparse Compressed Counting for nonnegative signal recovery. Our design matrix is sampled from a maximally-skewed p-stable distribution (00, it suffices to use M= K/(1-exp(-gK) log N measurements, so that all coordinates can be recovered in one scan of the coordinates. If g = 1 (i.e., dense design), then M = K log N. If g= 1/K or 2/K (i.e., very sparse design), then M = 1.58K log N or M = 1.16K log N. This means the design matrix can be indeed very sparse at only a minor inflation of the sample complexity. Interestingly, as p->1, the required number of measurements is essentially M = 2.7K log N, provided g= 1/K. It turns out that this result is a general worst-case bound.

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