Distributed Iterative Detection Based on Reduced Message Passing for Networked MIMO Cellular Systems

Peng Li, Rodrigo C. de Lamare

This paper considers base station cooperation (BSC) strategies for the uplink of a multi-user multi-cell high frequency reuse scenario where distributed iterative detection (DID) schemes with soft/hard interference cancellation algorithms are studied. The conventional distributed detection scheme exchanges {soft symbol estimates} with all cooperating BSs. Since a large amount of information needs to be shared via the backhaul, the exchange of hard bit information is preferred, however a performance degradation is experienced. In this paper, we consider a reduced message passing (RMP) technique in which each BS generates a detection list with the probabilities for the desired symbol that are sorted according to the calculated probability. The network then selects the best {detection candidates} from the lists and conveys the index of the constellation symbols (instead of double-precision values) among the cooperating cells. The proposed DID-RMP achieves an inter-cell-interference (ICI) suppression with low backhaul traffic overhead compared with {the conventional soft bit exchange} and outperforms the previously reported hard/soft information exchange algorithms.

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