Schur Complement Based Analysis of MIMO Zero-Forcing for Rician Fading

Constantin Siriteanu, Akimichi Takemura, Satoshi Kuriki, Donald St. P. Richards, Hyundong Shin

For multiple-input/multiple-output (MIMO) spatial multiplexing with zero-forcing detection (ZF), signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) analysis for Rician fading involves the cumbersome noncentral-Wishart distribution (NCWD) of the transmit sample-correlation (Gramian) matrix. An \textsl{approximation} with a \textsl{virtual} CWD previously yielded for the ZF SNR an approximate (virtual) Gamma distribution. However, analytical conditions qualifying the accuracy of the SNR-distribution approximation were unknown. Therefore, we have been attempting to exactly characterize ZF SNR for Rician fading. Our previous attempts succeeded only for the sole Rician-fading stream under Rician--Rayleigh fading, by writing it as scalar Schur complement (SC) in the Gramian. Herein, we pursue a more general, matrix-SC-based analysis to characterize SNRs when several streams may undergo Rician fading. On one hand, for full-Rician fading, the SC distribution is found to be exactly a CWD if and only if a channel-mean--correlation \textsl{condition} holds. Interestingly, this CWD then coincides with the \textsl{virtual} CWD ensuing from the \textsl{approximation}. Thus, under the \textsl{condition}, the actual and virtual SNR-distributions coincide. On the other hand, for Rician--Rayleigh fading, the matrix-SC distribution is characterized in terms of determinant of matrix with elementary-function entries, which also yields a new characterization of the ZF SNR. Average error probability results validate our analysis vs.~simulation.

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