The concept of local self-governance is not new as it has its roots in ancient time even before the era of Mauryan emperors. This paper depicts the journey of local self-governance from antediluvian time to 21st century. Further, in the current scenario Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has emerged as a successful tool for dissemination of various e-governance services and in this regard the Government of India has formulated NeGP with adequate service delivery mechanism. With the inculcation of ICT, various applications were designed by central as well as state governments which lead towards strengthening of PRIs for rural reform. This paper also throws some light on necessity of ICT in self-governance along with some case studies.