Hardware Implementation of four byte per clock RC4 algorithm

Rourab Paul, Amlan Chakrabarti, Ranjan Ghosh

In the field of cryptography till date the 2-byte in 1-clock is the best known RC4 hardware design [1], while 1-byte in 1-clock [2], and the 1-byte in 3 clocks [3][4] are the best known implementation. The design algorithm in[2] considers two consecutive bytes together and processes them in 2 clocks. The design [1] is a pipelining architecture of [2]. The design of 1-byte in 3-clocks is too much modular and clock hungry. In this paper considering the RC4 algorithm, as it is, a simpler RC4 hardware design providing higher throughput is proposed in which 6 different architecture has been proposed. In design 1, 1-byte is processed in 1-clock, design 2 is a dynamic KSA-PRGA architecture of Design 1. Design 3 can process 2 byte in a single clock, where as Design 4 is Dynamic KSA-PRGA architecture of Design 3. Design 5 and Design 6 are parallelization architecture design 2 and design 4 which can compute 4 byte in a single clock. The maturity in terms of throughput, power consumption and resource usage, has been achieved from design 1 to design 6. The RC4 encryption and decryption designs are respectively embedded on two FPGA boards as co-processor hardware, the communication between the two boards performed using Ethernet.

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