HIINT: Historical, Intra- and Inter- personal Dynamics Modeling with Cross-person Memory Transformer

Yubin Kim, Dong Won Lee, Paul Pu Liang, Sharifa Algohwinem, Cynthia Breazeal, Hae Won Park

Accurately modeling affect dynamics, which refers to the changes and fluctuations in emotions and affective displays during human conversations, is crucial for understanding human interactions. By analyzing affect dynamics, we can gain insights into how people communicate, respond to different situations, and form relationships. However, modeling affect dynamics is challenging due to contextual factors, such as the complex and nuanced nature of interpersonal relationships, the situation, and other factors that influence affective displays. To address this challenge, we propose a Cross-person Memory Transformer (CPM-T) framework which is able to explicitly model affective dynamics (intrapersonal and interpersonal influences) by identifying verbal and non-verbal cues, and with a large language model to utilize the pre-trained knowledge and perform verbal reasoning. The CPM-T framework maintains memory modules to store and update the contexts within the conversation window, enabling the model to capture dependencies between earlier and later parts of a conversation. Additionally, our framework employs cross-modal attention to effectively align information from multi-modalities and leverage cross-person attention to align behaviors in multi-party interactions. We evaluate the effectiveness and generalizability of our approach on three publicly available datasets for joint engagement, rapport, and human beliefs prediction tasks. Remarkably, the CPM-T framework outperforms baseline models in average F1-scores by up to 7.3%, 9.3%, and 2.0% respectively. Finally, we demonstrate the importance of each component in the framework via ablation studies with respect to multimodal temporal behavior.

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