Target-Aware Spatio-Temporal Reasoning via Answering Questions in Dynamics Audio-Visual Scenarios

Yuanyuan Jiang, Jianqin Yin

Audio-visual question answering (AVQA) is a challenging task that requires multistep spatio-temporal reasoning over multimodal contexts. To achieve scene understanding ability similar to humans, the AVQA task presents specific challenges, including effectively fusing audio and visual information and capturing question-relevant audio-visual features while maintaining temporal synchronization. This paper proposes a Target-aware Joint Spatio-Temporal Grounding Network for AVQA to address these challenges. The proposed approach has two main components: the Target-aware Spatial Grounding module, the Tri-modal consistency loss and corresponding Joint audio-visual temporal grounding module. The Target-aware module enables the model to focus on audio-visual cues relevant to the inquiry subject by exploiting the explicit semantics of text modality. The Tri-modal consistency loss facilitates the interaction between audio and video during question-aware temporal grounding and incorporates fusion within a simpler single-stream architecture. Experimental results on the MUSIC-AVQA dataset demonstrate the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method over existing state-of-the-art methods. Our code will be availiable soon.

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