FieldHAR: A Fully Integrated End-to-end RTL Framework for Human Activity Recognition with Neural Networks from Heterogeneous Sensors

Mengxi Liu, Bo Zhou, Zimin Zhao, Hyeonseok Hong, Hyun Kim, Sungho Suh, Vitor Fortes Rey, Paul Lukowicz

In this work, we propose an open-source scalable end-to-end RTL framework FieldHAR, for complex human activity recognition (HAR) from heterogeneous sensors using artificial neural networks (ANN) optimized for FPGA or ASIC integration. FieldHAR aims to address the lack of apparatus to transform complex HAR methodologies often limited to offline evaluation to efficient run-time edge applications. The framework uses parallel sensor interfaces and integer-based multi-branch convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to support flexible modality extensions with synchronous sampling at the maximum rate of each sensor. To validate the framework, we used a sensor-rich kitchen scenario HAR application which was demonstrated in a previous offline study. Through resource-aware optimizations, with FieldHAR the entire RTL solution was created from data acquisition to ANN inference taking as low as 25\% logic elements and 2\% memory bits of a low-end Cyclone IV FPGA and less than 1\% accuracy loss from the original FP32 precision offline study. The RTL implementation also shows advantages over MCU-based solutions, including superior data acquisition performance and virtually eliminating ANN inference bottleneck.

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