A new nonlinear instability for scalar fields

Farbod Hassani, Pan Shi, Julian Adamek, Martin Kunz, Peter Wittwer

In this letter we introduce the non-linear partial differential equation (PDE) $\partial^2_{\tau} \pi \propto (\vec\nabla \pi)^2$ showing a new type of instability. Such equations appear in the effective field theory (EFT) of dark energy for the $k$-essence model as well as in many other theories based on the EFT formalism. We demonstrate the occurrence of instability in the cosmological context using a relativistic $N$-body code, and we study it mathematically in 3+1 dimensions within spherical symmetry. We show that this term dominates for the low speed of sound limit where some important linear terms are suppressed.

Knowledge Graph

arrow_drop_up

Comments

Sign up or login to leave a comment