Decoupled Rationalization with Asymmetric Learning Rates: A Flexible Lipshitz Restraint

Wei Liu, Jun Wang, Haozhao Wang, Ruixuan Li, Yang Qiu, Yuankai Zhang, Jie Han, Yixiong Zou

A self-explaining rationalization model is generally constructed by a cooperative game where a generator selects the most human-intelligible pieces from the input text as rationales, followed by a predictor that makes predictions based on the selected rationales. However, such a cooperative game may incur the degeneration problem where the predictor overfits to the uninformative pieces generated by a not yet well-trained generator and in turn, leads the generator to converge to a sub-optimal model that tends to select senseless pieces. In this paper, we theoretically bridge degeneration with the predictor's Lipschitz continuity. Then, we empirically propose a simple but effective method named DR, which can naturally and flexibly restrain the Lipschitz constant of the predictor, to address the problem of degeneration. The main idea of DR is to decouple the generator and predictor to allocate them with asymmetric learning rates. A series of experiments conducted on two widely used benchmarks have verified the effectiveness of the proposed method. Codes: \href{https://github.com/jugechengzi/Rationalization-DR}{https://github.com/jugechengzi/Rationalization-DR}.

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