Amplitude-Independent Machine Learning for PPG through Visibility Graphs and Transfer Learning

Yuyang Miao, Harry J. Davies, Danilo P. Mandic

Photoplethysmography (PPG) signals are omnipresent in wearable devices, as they measure blood volume variations using LED technology. These signals provide insight into the body's circulatory system and can be employed to extract various bio-features, such as heart rate and vascular ageing. Although several algorithms have been proposed for this purpose, many exhibit limitations, including heavy reliance on human calibration, high signal quality requirements, and a lack of generalization. In this paper, we introduce a PPG signal processing framework that integrates graph theory and computer vision algorithms, which is invariant to affine transformations, offers rapid computation speed, and exhibits robust generalization across tasks and datasets.

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