Adversarial Infrared Blocks: A Black-box Attack to Thermal Infrared Detectors at Multiple Angles in Physical World

Chengyin Hu, Weiwen Shi, Tingsong Jiang, Wen Yao, Ling Tian, Xiaoqian Chen

Infrared imaging systems have a vast array of potential applications in pedestrian detection and autonomous driving, and their safety performance is of great concern. However, few studies have explored the safety of infrared imaging systems in real-world settings. Previous research has used physical perturbations such as small bulbs and thermal "QR codes" to attack infrared imaging detectors, but such methods are highly visible and lack stealthiness. Other researchers have used hot and cold blocks to deceive infrared imaging detectors, but this method is limited in its ability to execute attacks from various angles. To address these shortcomings, we propose a novel physical attack called adversarial infrared blocks (AdvIB). By optimizing the physical parameters of the adversarial infrared blocks, this method can execute a stealthy black-box attack on thermal imaging system from various angles. We evaluate the proposed method based on its effectiveness, stealthiness, and robustness. Our physical tests show that the proposed method achieves a success rate of over 80% under most distance and angle conditions, validating its effectiveness. For stealthiness, our method involves attaching the adversarial infrared block to the inside of clothing, enhancing its stealthiness. Additionally, we test the proposed method on advanced detectors, and experimental results demonstrate an average attack success rate of 51.2%, proving its robustness. Overall, our proposed AdvIB method offers a promising avenue for conducting stealthy, effective and robust black-box attacks on thermal imaging system, with potential implications for real-world safety and security applications.

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