Beyond Individual Input for Deep Anomaly Detection on Tabular Data

Hugo Thimonier, Fabrice Popineau, Arpad Rimmel, Bich-Liên Doan

Anomaly detection is crucial in various domains, such as finance, healthcare, and cybersecurity. In this paper, we propose a novel deep anomaly detection method for tabular data that leverages Non-Parametric Transformers (NPTs), a model initially proposed for supervised tasks, to capture both feature-feature and sample-sample dependencies. In a reconstruction-based framework, we train the NPT model to reconstruct masked features of normal samples. We use the model's ability to reconstruct the masked features during inference to generate an anomaly score. To the best of our knowledge, our proposed method is the first to combine both feature-feature and sample-sample dependencies for anomaly detection on tabular datasets. We evaluate our method on an extensive benchmark of tabular datasets and demonstrate that our approach outperforms existing state-of-the-art methods based on both the F1-Score and AUROC. Moreover, our work opens up new research directions for exploring the potential of NPTs for other tasks on tabular data.

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