Computation of a numerically satisfactory pair of solutions of the differential equation for conical functions of non-negative integer orders

T. M. Dunster, A. Gil, J. Segura, N. M. Temme

We consider the problem of computing satisfactory pairs of solutions of the differential equation for Legendre functions of non-negative integer order $\mu$ and degree $-\frac12+i\tau$, where $\tau$ is a non-negative real parameter. Solutions of this equation are the conical functions ${\rm{P}}^{\mu}_{-\frac12+i\tau}(x)$ and ${Q}^{\mu}_{-\frac12+i\tau}(x)$, $x>-1$. An algorithm for computing a numerically satisfactory pair of solutions is already available when $-11$, the function $\Re\left\{e^{-i\pi \mu} {{Q}}^{\mu}_{-\frac{1}{2}+i\tau}(x) \right\}$. The proposed algorithm allows the computation of the function on a large parameter domain without requiring the use of extended precision arithmetic.

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