Replica Analysis and Approximate Message Passing Decoder for Superposition Codes

Jean Barbier, Florent Krzakala

Superposition codes are efficient for the Additive White Gaussian Noise channel. We provide here a replica analysis of the performances of these codes for large signals. We also consider a Bayesian Approximate Message Passing decoder based on a belief-propagation approach, and discuss its performance using the density evolution technic. Our main findings are 1) for the sizes we can access, the message-passing decoder outperforms other decoders studied in the literature 2) its performance is limited by a sharp phase transition and 3) while these codes reach capacity as $B$ (a crucial parameter in the code) increases, the performance of the message passing decoder worsen as the phase transition goes to lower rates.

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