#### Further scramblings of Marsaglia's xorshift generators

##### Sebastiano Vigna

xorshift* generators are a variant of Marsaglia's xorshift generators that eliminate linear artifacts typical of generators based on $\mathbf Z/2\mathbf Z$-linear operations using multiplication by a suitable constant. Shortly after high-dimensional xorshift* generators were introduced, Saito and Matsumoto suggested a different way to eliminate linear artifacts based on addition in $\mathbf Z/2^{32}\mathbf Z$, leading to the XSadd generator. Starting from the observation that the lower bits of XSadd are very weak, as its reverse fails systematically several statistical tests, we explore xorshift+, a variant of XSadd using 64-bit operations, which leads, in small dimension, to extremely fast high-quality generators.

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