#### Expressiveness via Intensionality and Concurrency

##### Thomas Given-Wilson

Computation can be considered by taking into account two dimensions: extensional versus intensional, and sequential versus concurrent. Traditionally sequential extensional computation can be captured by the lambda-calculus. However, recent work shows that there are more expressive intensional calculi such as SF-calculus. Traditionally process calculi capture computation by encoding the lambda-calculus, such as in the pi-calculus. Following this increased expressiveness via intensionality, other recent work has shown that concurrent pattern calculus is more expressive than pi-calculus. This paper formalises the relative expressiveness of all four of these calculi by placing them on a square whose edges are irreversible encodings. This square is representative of a more general result: that expressiveness increases with both intensionality and concurrency.

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