#### Phase transition in kinetic exchange opinion models with independence

##### Nuno Crokidakis

In this work we study the critical behavior of a three-state ($+1$, $-1$, $0$) opinion model with independence. Each agent has a probability $q$ to act as independent, i.e., he/she can choose his/her opinion independently of the opinions of the other agents. On the other hand, with the complementary probability $1-q$ the agent interacts with a randomly chosen individual through a kinetic exchange. Our analytical and numerical results show that the independence mechanism acts as a noise that induces an order-disorder transition at critical points $q_{c}$ that depend on the individuals' flexibility. For a special value of this flexibility the system undergoes a transition to an absorbing state with all opinions $0$.

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