Kinetic Voronoi Diagrams and Delaunay Triangulations under Polygonal Distance Functions

Pankaj K. Agarwal, Haim Kaplan, Natan Rubin, Micha Sharir

Let $P$ be a set of $n$ points and $Q$ a convex $k$-gon in ${\mathbb R}^2$. We analyze in detail the topological (or discrete) changes in the structure of the Voronoi diagram and the Delaunay triangulation of $P$, under the convex distance function defined by $Q$, as the points of $P$ move along prespecified continuous trajectories. Assuming that each point of $P$ moves along an algebraic trajectory of bounded degree, we establish an upper bound of $O(k^4n\lambda_r(n))$ on the number of topological changes experienced by the diagrams throughout the motion; here $\lambda_r(n)$ is the maximum length of an $(n,r)$-Davenport-Schinzel sequence, and $r$ is a constant depending on the algebraic degree of the motion of the points. Finally, we describe an algorithm for efficiently maintaining the above structures, using the kinetic data structure (KDS) framework.

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