Transmit Antenna Selection in Underlay Cognitive Radio Environment

Muhammad Hanif, Hong-Chuan Yang, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Cognitive radio (CR) technology addresses the problem of spectrum under-utilization. In underlay CR mode, the secondary users are allowed to communicate provided that their transmission is not detrimental to primary user communication. Transmit antenna selection is one of the low-complexity methods to increase the capacity of wireless communication systems. In this article, we propose and analyze the performance benefit of a transmit antenna selection scheme for underlay secondary system that ensures the instantaneous interference caused by the secondary transmitter to the primary receiver is below a predetermined level. Closed-form expressions of the outage probability, amount of fading, and ergodic capacity for the secondary network are derived. Monte-carlo simulations are also carried out to confirm various mathematical results presented in this article.

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