Augmented Tree-based Routing Protocol for Scalable Ad Hoc Networks

Marcello Caleffi, Giancarlo Ferraiuolo, Luigi Paura

In ad hoc networks scalability is a critical requirement if these technologies have to reach their full potential. Most of the proposed routing protocols do not operate efficiently with networks of more than a few hundred nodes. In this paper, we propose an augmented tree-based address space structure and a hierarchical multi-path routing protocol, referred to as Augmented Tree-based Routing (ATR), which utilizes such a structure in order to solve the scalability problem and to gain good resilience against node failure/mobility and link congestion/instability. Simulation results and performance comparisons with existing protocols substantiate the effectiveness of the ATR.

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