Circumspect descent prevails in solving random constraint satisfaction problems

Mikko Alava, John Ardelius, Erik Aurell, Petteri Kaski, Supriya Krishnamurthy, Pekka Orponen, Sakari Seitz

We study the performance of stochastic local search algorithms for random instances of the $K$-satisfiability ($K$-SAT) problem. We introduce a new stochastic local search algorithm, ChainSAT, which moves in the energy landscape of a problem instance by {\em never going upwards} in energy. ChainSAT is a \emph{focused} algorithm in the sense that it considers only variables occurring in unsatisfied clauses. We show by extensive numerical investigations that ChainSAT and other focused algorithms solve large $K$-SAT instances almost surely in linear time, up to high clause-to-variable ratios $\alpha$; for example, for K=4 we observe linear-time performance well beyond the recently postulated clustering and condensation transitions in the solution space. The performance of ChainSAT is a surprise given that by design the algorithm gets trapped into the first local energy minimum it encounters, yet no such minima are encountered. We also study the geometry of the solution space as accessed by stochastic local search algorithms.

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