We adapt the classical 3-decomposition of any 2-connected graph to the case of simple graphs (no loops or multiple edges). By analogy with the block-cutpoint tree of a connected graph, we deduce from this decomposition a bicolored tree tc(g) associated with any 2-connected graph g, whose white vertices are the 3-components of g (3-connected components or polygons) and whose black vertices are bonds linking together these 3-components, arising from separating pairs of vertices of g. Two fundamental relationships on graphs and networks follow from this construction. The first one is a dissymmetry theorem which leads to the expression of the class B=B(F) of 2-connected graphs, all of whose 3-connected components belong to a given class F of 3-connected graphs, in terms of various rootings of B. The second one is a functional equation which characterizes the corresponding class R=R(F) of two-pole networks all of whose 3-connected components are in F. All the rootings of B are then expressed in terms of F and R. There follow corresponding identities for all the associated series, in particular the edge index series. Numerous enumerative consequences are discussed.

Thanks. We have received your report. If we find this content to be in
violation of our guidelines,
we will remove it.

Ok