Two-connected graphs with prescribed three-connected components

Andrei Gagarin, Gilbert Labelle, Pierre Leroux, Timothy Walsh

We adapt the classical 3-decomposition of any 2-connected graph to the case of simple graphs (no loops or multiple edges). By analogy with the block-cutpoint tree of a connected graph, we deduce from this decomposition a bicolored tree tc(g) associated with any 2-connected graph g, whose white vertices are the 3-components of g (3-connected components or polygons) and whose black vertices are bonds linking together these 3-components, arising from separating pairs of vertices of g. Two fundamental relationships on graphs and networks follow from this construction. The first one is a dissymmetry theorem which leads to the expression of the class B=B(F) of 2-connected graphs, all of whose 3-connected components belong to a given class F of 3-connected graphs, in terms of various rootings of B. The second one is a functional equation which characterizes the corresponding class R=R(F) of two-pole networks all of whose 3-connected components are in F. All the rootings of B are then expressed in terms of F and R. There follow corresponding identities for all the associated series, in particular the edge index series. Numerous enumerative consequences are discussed.

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